Ease-of-use Python API
With only two or three clauses added to your original code, Intel® Extension for PyTorch* provides simple frontend Python APIs and utilities to get performance optimizations such as graph optimization and operator optimization.
The package name used when you import Intel® Extension for PyTorch* changed
intel_pytorch_extension (for versions 1.2.0 through 1.9.0) to
intel_extension_for_pytorch (for versions 1.10.0 and later). Use the
correct package name depending on the version you are using.
Here are detailed discussions of specific feature topics, summarized in the rest of this document:
ISA Dynamic Dispatching
Intel® Extension for PyTorch* features dynamic dispatching functionality to automatically adapt execution binaries to the most advanced instruction set available on your machine.
For more detailed information, check ISA Dynamic Dispatching.
Auto Channels Last
Comparing to the default NCHW memory format, using channels_last (NHWC) memory format could further accelerate convolutional neural networks. In Intel® Extension for PyTorch*, NHWC memory format has been enabled for most key CPU operators. More detailed information is available at Channels Last.
Intel® Extension for PyTorch* automatically converts a model to channels last memory format when users optimize the model with ipex.optimize(model). With this feature users won’t need to manually apply model=model.to(memory_format=torch.channels_last) any more. More detailed information is available at Auto Channels Last.
Auto Mixed Precision (AMP)
Low precision data type BFloat16 has been natively supported on 3rd Generation Xeon® Scalable Processors (aka Cooper Lake) with AVX512 instruction set. It will also be supported on the next generation of Intel® Xeon® Scalable Processors with Intel® Advanced Matrix Extensions (Intel® AMX) instruction set providing further boosted performance. The support of Auto Mixed Precision (AMP) with BFloat16 for CPU and BFloat16 optimization of operators has been enabled in Intel® Extension for PyTorch*, and partially upstreamed to PyTorch master branch. These optimizations will be landed in PyTorch master through PRs that are being submitted and reviewed.
For more detailed information, check Auto Mixed Precision (AMP).
Bfloat16 computation can be conducted on platforms with AVX512 instruction set. On platforms with AVX512 BFloat16 instruction, there will be an additional performance boost.
To further optimize TorchScript performance, Intel® Extension for PyTorch* supports transparent fusion of frequently used operator patterns such as Conv2D+ReLU and Linear+ReLU. For more detailed information, check Graph Optimization.
Compared to eager mode, graph mode in PyTorch normally yields better performance from optimization methodologies such as operator fusion. Intel® Extension for PyTorch* provides further optimizations in graph mode. We recommend you take advantage of Intel® Extension for PyTorch* with TorchScript. You may wish to run with the torch.jit.trace() function first, since it generally works better with Intel® Extension for PyTorch* than using the torch.jit.script() function. More detailed information can be found at the pytorch.org website.
Intel® Extension for PyTorch* also optimizes operators and implements several customized operators for performance boosts. A few ATen operators are replaced by their optimized counterparts in Intel® Extension for PyTorch* via the ATen registration mechanism. Some customized operators are implemented for several popular topologies. For instance, ROIAlign and NMS are defined in Mask R-CNN. To improve performance of these topologies, Intel® Extension for PyTorch* also optimized these customized operators.
- class ipex.nn.FrozenBatchNorm2d(num_features: int, eps: float = 1e-05)
BatchNorm2d where the batch statistics and the affine parameters are fixed
num_features (int) – \(C\) from an expected input of size \((N, C, H, W)\)
Input: \((N, C, H, W)\)
Output: \((N, C, H, W)\) (same shape as input)
Get the interaction feature beyond different kinds of features (like gender or hobbies), used in DLRM model.
For now, we only optimized “dot” interaction at DLRM Github repo. Through this, we use the dot product to represent the interaction feature between two features.
For example, if feature 1 is “Man” which is represented by [0.1, 0.2, 0.3], and feature 2 is “Like play football” which is represented by [-0.1, 0.3, 0.2].
The dot interaction feature is ([0.1, 0.2, 0.3] * [-0.1, 0.3, 0.2]^T) = -0.1 + 0.6 + 0.6 = 1.1
*args – Multiple tensors which represent different features
Input: \(N * (B, D)\), where N is the number of different kinds of features, B is the batch size, D is feature size
Output: \((B, D + N * ( N - 1 ) / 2)\)
Auto kernel selection is a feature that enables users to tune for better performance with GEMM operations. It is provided as parameter –auto_kernel_selection, with boolean value, of the ipex.optimize() function. By default, the GEMM kernel is computed with oneMKL primitives. However, under certain circumstances oneDNN primitives run faster. Users are able to set –auto_kernel_selection to True to run GEMM kernels with oneDNN primitives.” -> “We aims to provide good default performance by leveraging the best of math libraries and enabled weights_prepack, and it has been verified with broad set of models. If you would like to try other alternatives, you can use auto_kernel_selection toggle in ipex.optimize to switch, and you can diesable weights_preack in ipex.optimize if you are concerning the memory footprint more than performance gain. However in majority cases, keeping default is what we recommend.
Optimizers are one of key parts of the training workloads. Intel® Extension for PyTorch* brings two types of optimizations to optimizers:
Operator fusion for the computation in the optimizers.
SplitSGD for BF16 training, which reduces the memory footprint of the master weights by half.
Intel® Extension for PyTorch* Runtime Extension provides PyTorch frontend APIs for users to get finer-grained control of the thread runtime and provides:
Multi-stream inference via the Python frontend module MultiStreamModule.
Spawn asynchronous tasks from both Python and C++ frontend.
Program core bindings for OpenMP threads from both Python and C++ frontend.
Intel® Extension for PyTorch* Runtime extension is still in the experimental stage. The API is subject to change. More detailed descriptions are available in the API Documentation.
For more detailed information, check Runtime Extension.
Intel® Extension for PyTorch* provides built-in quantization recipes to deliver good statistical accuracy for most popular DL workloads including CNN, NLP and recommendation models. On top of that, if users would like to tune for a higher accuracy than what the default recipe provides, a recipe tuning API powered by Intel® Neural Compressor is provided for users to try.
Check more detailed information for INT8 Quantization and INT8 recipe tuning API guide (Experimental, *NEW feature in 1.13.0*).
Codeless Optimization (Experimental, NEW feature in 1.13.0)
This feature enables users to get performance benefits from Intel® Extension for PyTorch* without changing Python scripts. It hopefully eases the usage and has been verified working well with broad scope of models, though in few cases there could be small overhead comparing to applying optimizations with Intel® Extension for PyTorch* APIs.
For more detailed information, check Codeless Optimization.
Graph Capture (Experimental, NEW feature in 1.13.0)
Since graph mode is key for deployment performance, this feature automatically captures graphs based on set of technologies that PyTorch supports, such as TorchScript and TorchDynamo. Users won’t need to learn and try different PyTorch APIs to capture graphs, instead, they can turn on a new boolean flag –graph_mode (default off) in ipex.optimize to get the best of graph optimization.
For more detailed information, check Graph Capture.
HyperTune (Experimental, NEW feature in 1.13.0)
HyperTune is an experimental feature to perform hyperparameter/execution configuration searching. The searching is used in various areas such as optimization of hyperparameters of deep learning models. The searching is extremely useful in real situations when the number of hyperparameters, including configuration of script execution, and their search spaces are huge that manually tuning these hyperparameters/configuration is impractical and time consuming. Hypertune automates this process of execution configuration searching for the launcher and Intel® Extension for PyTorch*.
For more detailed information, check HyperTune.