ITT annotations support

This extension enables a set of functions implementing the Instrumentation and Tracing Technology (ITT) functionality in SYCL device code.

There are three sets of functions defined by this extension, and they serve different purposes.

User APIs

The user code calling these functions must include the corresponding header file(s) provided by ittnotify project (TBD: reference ITT repo here).

These functions are named using __itt_notify_ prefix.

Stub APIs

These functions are not defined in any header file, and their declarations follow exactly the declarations of the corresponding user APIs, except that they have an extra _stub suffix in their names.

These functions implement the ITT functionality in a way that allows the tools, such as Intel(R) Inspector, to recognize the ITT annotations and run their analysis methods based on that.

For SYCL device code these functions are implemented as noinline and optnone functions so that the corresponding calls may be distinguished in the execution trace. This is just one way for implementing them, and the actual implementation may change in future.

Compiler wrapper APIs

These functions are not defined in any header file, and they are supposed to be called from the compiler generated code. These thin wrappers just provide a convenient way for compilers to produce ITT annotations without generating too much code in the compilers’ IR.

These functions have _wrapper suffix in their names.


DEVICE_EXTERN_C void __itt_offload_wi_start_stub(
 size_t[3], size_t, uint32_t);

DEVICE_EXTERN_C void __itt_offload_wi_start_wrapper() {
  if (__spirv_SpecConstant(0xFF747469, 0)) {
    size_t GroupID[3] = ...;
    size_t WIId = ...;
    uint32_t WGSize = ...;
    __itt_offload_wi_start_stub(GroupID, WIId, WGSize);

A compiler may generate a simple call to __itt_offload_wi_start_wrapper to annotate a kernel entry point. Compare this to the code inside the wrapper function, which a compiler would have to generate if there were no such a wrapper.

Conditional compilation

DPC++ compiler automatically instruments user code through SPIRITTAnnotations LLVM pass, which is enabled for targets, that natively support specialization constants (i.e., SPIR-V targets). Annotations are generated for barriers, atomics, work item start and finish. To minimize the effect of ITT annotations on the performance of the device code, the implementation is guarded with a specialization constant check. This allows users and tools to have one version of the annotated code that may be built with and without ITT annotations “enabled”. When the ITT annotations are not enabled, we expect that the overall effect of the annotations will be minimized by the dead code elimination optimization(s) made by the device compilers.

For this purpose we reserve a 1-byte specialization constant numbered 4285822057 (0xFF747469). The users/tools/runtimes should set this specialization constant to non-zero value to enable the ITT annotations in SYCL device code.

The specialization constant value is controlled by INTEL_ENABLE_OFFLOAD_ANNOTATIONS environment variable. Tools, that support ITT annotations must set this environment variable to any value.